The Bible
• From Koine Greek “ta
biblia” meaning “the books”
• A collection of books
• World’s all-time best seller
(several billions copies)
• World’s most translated
book: 600+ languages

Most popular versions
(by on sales)

NIV 2. KJV 3. NLT 4.
NKJV 5. ESV
• Most shoplifted book in
the world
• 9 out of every 10 people
own a Bible
The Old Testament:
• Books: 39, Chapters: 929,
Verses: 23,214 (KJV)
The New Testament:
• Books: 27, Chapters: 260,
Verses: 7,959 (KJV)

Fun Facts: Books/
Chapters/Verses

• Last word in the Bible:
“Amen” (Rv 22:21)
• Shortest verse: “Jesus
wept” (Jn 11:35)
• Longest book:
Psalms — 150 chapters
• Shortest book:
3 John
• Longest chapter:
Ps 119 — 176 verses
• Shortest chapter:
Ps 117
• Most used word: “the”
• Longest verse:
Esther 8:9 (KJV)

Understanding Titles and Biblical Words

For those unfamiliar (and even those somewhat familiar), many terms in the Bible can be difficult to get a grasp on. Here is a guide to help with understanding titles and Biblical Words.

Understanding Titles and Bibical Words

OLD TESTAMENT

LAW

Genesis: General account of God’s work of
creation- death of Joseph
Exodus: the events surrounding the escape of the
Israelites, who were led by Moses
Leviticus: sacrificial rites and laws including the ten commandments
Numbers: Israel to trust and obey God, and
wanders in the wilderness for 40 years
Deuteronomy: re-statement of the laws for how
to love and obey God in the Promised Land

HISTORY

Joshua: led the Israelites into the land of Cannon, then parcels out territories to the 12 tribes of
Israel
Judges: Israel enters a cycle of turning from God,
falling captive to oppressive nations, calling out
to God, and being rescued by leaders God sends
their way

Ruth: Gentile women (Moab) -Naomi (mother
in law), Recorded in the genealogy of Jesus
1&2 Samuel: the period of Judges- the period of
Kings (Samuel, Saul, David )
1&2 Kings: Story of North/ South of Israel kings
1&2 Chronicles: History of South Judah
Ezra: Played important role rebuilding the
temple after the 70 years of Captivity
Nehemiah: Judah governmental general. Lived at
the same time with Ezra. Rebuilding the
temple.
Esther: Xerxes’s (Persian king) wife. Saved Israel.

WISDOM

Job: man of Uz. Faith
Psalms: pomes by many
Proverbs: Solomon and many other’s proverbs
Ecclesiastes: meaningless things we do under the sun, but remembering God is
not meaningless
Song of Songs: the love story of Solomon

PROPHETS

Isaiah: God sends the prophet Isaiah to warn Israel of future judgement- but
also tell them about a coming king and servant who will ”bear the sins of
many.”
Jeremiah: God sends a prophet to warn Israel about the coming Babylonian
captivity, but the people didn’t take the news very well
Lamentations: A collection of dirges lamenting the fall of Jerusalem after the
Babylonian attacks
Ezekiel: God chooses a man to seek for Him to Israel, to tell them the error of
their ways and teach them justice
Daniel: Daniel becomes a high-ranking wise man in Babylonian and Persian
empires, and has prophetic visions concerning Israel’s future
Hosea: Hosea is told to marry a prostitute who leaves him, and he must bring
her back: a picture of God’s relationship with Israel
Joel: God sends a plague of locusts to Judge Israel, but his judgement on the
surrounding nations is coming, too.
Amos: A shepherd named Amos preaches against the injustice of the
Northern Kingdom of Israel
Obadiah: Obadiah warns the neighboring nation of Edom that they will be
Judges for plundering Jerusalem
Jonah: A disobedient prophet runs from God, is followed up but a great fish,
and then preaches God’s messages to the city of Nineveh
Micah: Micah confronts the leaders of Israel and Judah regarding their
injustice, and prophecies that one day the Lord himself will rule in perfect
justice
Nahum: Nahum foretells of God’s judgement on Nineveh, the capital of
Assyria
Habakkuk: Habakkuk pleads with God to stop the injustice and
violence in Judah, but is surprised to find that God will use the even more
violent Babylonians to do so
Zephaniah: God warns that he will judge Israel and the surrounding nations,
but also that he will restore them in peace and justice
Haggai: the people have abandoned the work of restoring God’s temple in
Jerusalem , and so Haggai takes them to task
Zechariah: The prophet Zechariah calls Israel to return to God, and records
prophetic visions that show what’s happening behind the scenes
Malachi: The has been fulfilled to Israel, but they continue to live
disconnected from him so God sends Malachi to call them out

Understanding Titles and Bibical Words

NEW TESTAMENT

GOSPEL

Matthew: An account of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection, focusing on Jesus’
role as the true king of the Jews
Mark: This brie account of Jesus’ earthly ministry highlights Jesus’ authority
and servanthood
Luke: Luke writes the most thorough account of Jesus’ life, pulling together
eyewitness testimonies to tell the full story of Jesus
John: John lists stories of signs and miracles with the hope that readers will
believe in Jesus
Acts: Jesus returns to the Father, the Holy Spirit comes to the church , and
the gospel of Jesus spreads throughout the world

PAUL’S LETTERS

Romans: Paul summarizes how the gospel of Jesus works in a letter to the
churches at Rome, and answers some questions that they’ve had about how
Christians should behave
1 Corinthians: Paul writes a disciplinary letter to a fractured church in
Corinth, and answers some questions that they’ve had about how Christians
should behave
2 Corinthians: Paul writes a letter of reconciliation to the church at Corinth,
and clears up some concerns that they have
Galatians: Paul hear that the Galatian churches have been lead to think that
salvation come from the law of Moses, and writes a (rather hated) letter
telling them where the false teachers have it wrong
Ephesians: Paul writes to the church at Ephesus about how to walk in grace,
peace, and love
Philippians: An encouraging letter to
Colossians: Paul writes the church at Colossae a letter about who they are in
Christ, and how to walk in Christ
1 Thessalonians: Paul has heard a good report on the church at Thessalonica,
and encourages them to “excel still more” in faith , hope, and love
2 Thessalonians: Paul is nearing the end of life, and encourages Timothy to
continue preaching the word
1 Timothy: Paul give his protege Timothy instruction on how to lead a church
with sound teaching and godly example
2 Timothy: Paul is nearing the end of his life, an encourages Timothy to
continue preaching the word
Titus: Paul advises Titus on how to lead orderly, counter – cultural churches
on the island of Crete
Philemon: Paul strongly recommends that Philemon accepts his runaway slave
as a brother, not a slave

OTHER LETTERS

Hebrews: A letter encouraging Christians to cling to Christ despite
persecution, because he is greater
James: A letter telling Christians two live in ways that demonstrate their faith
in action
1 Peter: Peter writes to Christians who are being persecuted , encouraging
them to testify to the truth and live accordingly
2 Peter: Peter writes a letter reminding Christians about the truth of Jesus , and warning them that false teachers will come
1 John: John writes a letter to Christians about keeping Jesus’ commands,
loving one another, and important things they should know
2 John: A very brief letter about walking in truth, love, and obedience
3 John: A even shorter letter about Christian fellowship
Jude: A letter encouraging Christians to content for the faith, even though
ungodly persons have crept in unnoticed.
Revelation: John sees visions of things that have been, things that are, and
things that are yet to come

I hope this guide has helped somewhat with understanding titles and Biblical words.